In the wild birds have the freedom to move, play, rest, and live on their own terms. When a bird becomes a pet they lose the space and freedom to fly. The bigger the cage the better for your pet bird. Your bird's cage must be large enough for them to exercise, play, and live without being stressed. A general rule of thumb is that the smallest cage that a bird should have is at least double the width of the bird's wingspan, and at least double the length of the bird in the height of the cage. Bigger is better in this case.
The spacing of the bars is also just as crucial. You don't want to experience trying to get a bird's head out of the cage bars, but you don't want the bird escaping either. The bars need to be strong enough that the strength of their bill can't damage the cage. For example, a cage can be large but made out of thin wire, which would not be suitable for a Macaw or Cockatoo.
In the event that you are using a used cage, please make sure that all doors and parts work. Then scrub with a disinfectant, rinse and rinse again. Then let the cage dry in the sun. Please remember that rust and lead paint can be harmful to your bird.
Placement of the cage is a key factor is your bird's happiness. Depending on it's personality, putting it against a wall for a feeling of security may be important. Or, if the bird is like Sammy, she needs to be able to see who enters and leaves the rescue. If the bird is a little skittish, perhaps a quiet corner. The lifestyle of the home also plays a role in this. If everyone in the house is up all night in the living room, then chances are the bird will not get proper rest, so maybe another room would be better.
Perches need to be spread apart and secure. Different widths are needed to adjust to the various bird's feet.
Keep perches and toys clean.
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